Server Core Basics
Server core is a minimal server installation option which provides a low-maintenance version of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Be aware of the following when using server core:
- The server core interface has limited GUI support, with most tasks being performed only from a command prompt.
- You can only perform a clean installation of server core; you cannot upgrade to or from server core.
Server core can only run a limited set of server roles:
o Active Directory
o Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)
o Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
o Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server
o DNS Server
o File Server
o File Server Resource Manager of the File Services role (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
o Print Server
o Media Services
o Web Server (IIS): Subset of ASP.NET (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
- Features currently available in Windows Server 2008 R2 server core include:
o .NET Framework
A subset of .NET Framework 2.0
A subset of .NET Framework 3.0
A subset of .NET Framework 3.5
o Windows PowerShell
o Windows-on-Windows 64-bit (WoW64)
- To manage a server core system:
o Log on and use the command prompt.
o Log on using Remote Desktop to gain access to the command prompt.
o Use Windows Remote Shell (winrm).
o Run Server Manager or another tool on another computer and connect to the server core system. This method allows you to use a GUI interface for managing the server core system.
- Run oclist to see a list of roles, role services, and features that can be installed on server core.
- Run start /w ocsetup to add server roles to the server core system. Switches for the role or service must be typed exactly as they are listed, and role names are case-sensitive.