Server Core Basics

Server Core Basics

Server core is a minimal server installation option which provides a low-maintenance version of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Be aware of the following when using server core:

  • The server core interface has limited GUI support, with most tasks being performed only from a command prompt.
  • You can only perform a clean installation of server core; you cannot upgrade to or from server core.

      Server core can only run a limited set of server roles:

o Active Directory

o Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)

o Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)

o Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server

o DNS Server

o File Server

o File Server Resource Manager of the File Services role (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)

o Print Server

o Media Services

o Web Server (IIS): Subset of ASP.NET (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)

  • Features currently available in Windows Server 2008 R2 server core include:

o .NET Framework

A subset of .NET Framework 2.0

A subset of .NET Framework 3.0

A subset of .NET Framework 3.5

o Windows PowerShell

o Windows-on-Windows 64-bit (WoW64)

  • To manage a server core system:

o Log on and use the command prompt.

o Log on using Remote Desktop to gain access to the command prompt.

o Use Windows Remote Shell (winrm).

o Run Server Manager or another tool on another computer and connect to the server core system. This method allows you to use a GUI interface for managing the server core system.

  • Run oclist to see a list of roles, role services, and features that can be installed on server core.
  • Run start /w ocsetup to add server roles to the server core system. Switches for the role or service must be typed exactly as they are listed, and role names are case-sensitive.

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